Standards and Facilities

“Active Start: Children Birth to Five Years.” National Association for Sport and Physical Education. 28 Oct. 2011. <>.

This website discusses the different guidelines on physical movement that are recommended for children from birth to age 5. The main thing this article stresses is that children should not be sedentary for more than 60 minutes at a time unless they are asleep.

“Building Infrastructure for Quality Report.” Children’s Investment Fund.2009. 29 Nov. 2011. <>.

This website provides information about facilities and whether or not they meet regulations and standards. The website also advocates for children’s rights.

Murphy, Sean P. “Study Faults Some Day-Care Centers.” The Boston Globe.15 Oct. 2011. 15 Nov. 2011. <>.

This article discusses the fact that not all day care centers are meeting the standards. Often times many do not have enough space for gross motor play and indoor gross motor play. Things can be so cramped that children have very little space to move and this can detrimental to a child’s development.


Olds, A. R. (1994).  Building in Opportunities for Gross Motor Development.  Child Care Information Exchange, 97, 31-36.

Research provided by: E. G. Maruca, OTS; Springfield College

This article presents the importance of allowing children the opportunities to increase their gross motor development through indoor and outdoor play.  It discusses that for movement to be developmentally effective children must be allowed to initiate, complete, and receive feedback about the consequences of their own movements.  The article explains how adults tend to interfere with motor development by rules, elimination of materials, and confinement of space due to their concerns of children getting injured.

This article could be used as an introductory article for more extensive research as it explains the importance of both indoor and outdoor play to increase pre-school children’s gross motor development.  However, the article does not report findings on a specific research analysis and therefore does not offer any sort of statistical analysis regarding indoor and outdoor play.

The Bogin Playscape Project supports the importance of play and its effect on motor development.  Children of all ages, especially pre-school aged, need to play, explore, and learn to use their bodies in order to have the ability to focus on their learning.  It is important to provide pre-school aged children the opportunities to engage in indoor play, especially during the winter and colder seasons to allow them to continue to develop and strengthen their motor skills.

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